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Modelling and pathological assessment of historic buildings

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The conservation of historic buildings is currently considered an aspect of great social relevance, mainly due to the economic contribution generated by this type of construction. For this reason, the TIDOP research group carries out research activities focused on the evaluation of pathological processes in historic buildings. Two aspects can be distinguished:

Pathological analysis through supervised and unsupervised classification techniques.

Structural damage assessment through dynamic analysis techniques in combination with geometric models derived from geotechnologies.

For the first aspect, pathological analysis through multispectral classifications, it is possible to evaluate the presence of living organisms, atmospheric degradation, humidity, etc., through supervised and unsupervised classification techniques. This methodology offers the great advantage of a complete assessment of historic buildings, different materials, always from a non-destructive and non-contact perspective.

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It is also noteworthy that thanks to the synergy of dynamic structural assessment techniques, mainly through Operational Modal Analysis and geomatics techniques, it is possible to assess the structural damage of historic buildings, all of which is further enhanced by two other complementary pillars. On the one hand: the robust calibration of finite element numerical models and on the other hand: the enrichment of these models through the use of accurate geometric models, rich in features, able to capture pathologies (cracks, collapses, etc.) relevant to such numerical analysis.

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