QR codes to save lives


The TIDOP research group of the USAL develops a web platform to optimize rescue times in traffic accidents.

The TagForRescue prototype allows “to improve the assistance times of the emergency services in traffic accidents against the procedures used in the rescue of victims trapped in the vehicles involved,” says Diego González Aguilera, director of the recognized research group TIDOP assigned to the Higher Polytechnic School of Ávila of the University of Salamanca (USAL), before commenting that the 60 minutes following are “crucial” in terms of medical care to keep a person alive or minimize their injuries.

He proposes a system that reads QR codes with technical information related to the vehicle and health data of the occupants, being this last one “the most controversial”. It is confidential information, so they have created an open platform for the user to decide what information they want to make public in case of an accident. Another difficulty encountered by those responsible for reading the QR codes is to identify each of the injured correctly. The formula that these Spanish researchers have chosen is to collect the driver’s records and regular passengers. These codes are strategically placed, according to the guidelines of the experts in these tasks, so that at least one of them can be read by a “specific encryption protocol” so that only these modules can be deciphered by the health services and rescue forces. When making the technological development, says González Aguilera, that they have taken as a guide the rescue sheets that have all the brands of cars of the different models they sell.

And, as González Aguilera emphasizes, the speed of the intervention and decision making are fundamental. In this regard, he points out that there are studies that show that a 10-minute reduction in medical response time can decrease the probability of death of a victim in a car accident by one third. Therefore, TagForRescue can be “vitally important.”

The tool was designed for the iPhone iOS operating system, but it can be “extrapolated” to any other language. It emerged, as he remembers, following the doctoral thesis of Alejandro Morales. It showed the increase in the presence of firefighters in traffic accidents, because new vehicles safeguard more lives than before by their own design and their active and passive safety means, but, at the same time, the deformity they acquire causes a bigger complexity for rescue.

For González Aguilera, the biggest innovation of the project is not in technology – “based on web technology that already exists”, he says – but in making rescue times “more efficient”. In addition, the system makes the intervention “not so tight, with steps so close that require its time.”

Right now it is only a prototype, however, they are in conversations with potential clients so that it can materialize. The “ideal” business model would be through insurers and car dealers who want to incorporate this “quality seal” into their services. The point is that, as he acknowledges, it is not as simple as it seems.

In the first place, the professor of the USAL says that even having interested companies, the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) would have to be part of the initiative. In this way, all rescue teams could be provided with the necessary technological means. Keep in mind that any municipality with more than 20,000 inhabitants has a fire station. “It would not be expensive, since with a tablet or mobile phone it could be solved,” he says.

The director of the recognized and consolidated research group TIDOP of the University of Salamanca says that “it is not anything new”. Some high-end brands offer similar tools, but with nuances. However, the most important contribution, in his opinion, is the new characteristics of vehicles and new situations that can happen with hybrid cars, such as where the batteries are placed – “a very interesting fact to avoid electrocutions” -, the presence of new materials that do not allow cutting the different parts, whether it is diesel or gasoline… “With all that information firefighters know what car they are facing.” And it goes further: the operation can be prepared since they leave the station if the companions who are in the place of the events send them the QR code.


Diego González Aguilera declares that TagForRescue can be extended to special vehicles, dangerous merchandise, trucks… where the rescue protocol is “complicated” and knowing this information would help “a lot,” he says.

The numbers confirm its usefulness. According to official data collected by the DGT in its balance sheet of 2017, the car fleet in Spain grew by more than one million units in the last ten years counting all categories of vehicles. Specifically, during the past year there was an increase of 780,423 units in the total compared to the previous year.

In addition, in 2017 the census of drivers maintained by the General Directorate of Traffic reached 26,649,453 drivers, a number that represents a percentage increase of 1% compared to 2016. Meanwhile, it is estimated that the Spanish public road network amounts to more than 660,000 kilometers.

During the past year, the majority of accidents involving victims took place on urban roads (63%), however, it is on interurban roads where the highest number of deaths is recorded (72%). With regard to the number of hospitalized injured, they are distributed in a similar proportion in interurban and urban roads.

González Aguilera also ensures that research and innovation have “lights and shadows.” He acknowledges that there are initiatives that encourage entrepreneurship and the generation of technology companies and, therefore, the R & D fabric of Castilla y León, however, technology centers and universities are neglected.

For González Aguilera, society values talent and innovation, especially health-related projects, but for researchers to have “peace and quiet”, he says that administrations would have to develop plans “that do not look so much to the companies, but to the technological centers and the universities, since they are the ones in charge of the investigation in his first phases “. “Without them – he continues – it is very difficult to have a product.” For this reason, he suggests that it would be interesting to be able to finance somehow the projects that remain at the doorstep, because “all that effort would not be lost and we would generate less frustration within the technological centers and universities,” he points out.

New published on 09/20/2019

University of Salamanca takes part in the development of a land drone that automates the certification and quality control tasks in civil works


TIDOP Research Group, within the framework of the Auto-BIM project, has developed a land drone able to make the certification and quality control tasks of civil works in different construction stages.

Auto-BIM Project, in which the TIDOP Research Group together with Vías & Construcciones, Aplitop, Aplicad, Aimen Technological Center and University of Vigo, has developed an innovative tool to certify civil works with much more accuracy and quality than traditional systems used up to now by the different construction and certification companies.

The main goal of the Project, funded by MINECO and CEE with around 1.000.000 €, is to develop a land drone that will automatically audit the current state of civil Works, and compare it with the initial or theoretical state it should be in.  For this purpose, the consortium has built a land drone armed with different last generation devices such as terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) for perform the three-dimensional radiography of the environment, several obstacle detectors and one route planner to enable self-orientation of the drone everywhere.


After the acquisition, all the captured information is processed by the software developed for this Project. It allows to compare the As-Built model (real state of the Works) with the BIM model (theoretical model projected).  The construction companies can undertake quality control and certification tasks faster and more flexible, having much more data than with the traditional systems of acquisition and certification.

For the test of, both the drone and the processing software, a pilot test was carried out in a civil work located in Badalona (Barcelona). The chosen site, was in different stages of construction, so there were areas of pillars, areas of vertical walls etc, so the drone had to be able to transit through the different scenarios autonomously and optimizing the three-dimensional model in each case.


The results of the pilot test were a success, both in terms of the navigation of the drone inside the civil work as well as what refers to the data obtained and the software for processing them.

The innovative system developed was presented at the Polytechnic School of Avila last March, with the assistance of every members of the consortium.

New published on 06/03/2019

The first year of the Iberdrola VIII Centenary Chair


The first year of the Iberdrola VIII Centenary Chair.

The research team of the Iberdrola VIII Centenary Chair presents the results after the first year of performance of the project, where efforts have focused on the development of a tool for geospatial data, in Spatial Data Infrastructure format, that incorporates key information for the determination of the solar potential of surfaces such as roofs of both existing and new buildings, industrial constructions, and empty plots.

The presentation of the results has been done in an event in the Dean of the University of Salamanca, Ricardo Rivero; the Vice Rector in Research and Transfer, Susana Santos; the Responsible for Innovation in Iberdrola, Agustín Delgado; and the Responsible for Smart Solutions in Iberdrola, Luis Buil.

Further information about the event (in Spanish) at:




New published on 01/012/2019

The digitalization of the Historical Library of the University of Salamanca has begun thanks to the European project HeritageCARE


TIDOP Research Group digitizes the Historic Building of the University of Salamanca in 3D.

Equipped with a state-of-art equipment, researchers from the TIDOP (Information Technologies for Heritage Documentation) group have digitized the Historic Building of the University of Salamanca in 3D. This new sensor, which consists of a handheld laser scanner and a processing unit inside a backpack, has allowed the three-dimensional reconstruction of 10.000 m2 through a simple walk around the building. In addition, the size and portability of this sensor has allowed to recreate in 3D spaces of great value as the original “Cielo de Salamanca” which would not be possible through conventional laser scanning equipment.

This 3D model will serve as a geometric basis for the creation of the BIM model that will serve to carry out a preventive conservation of the Historical Library, thanks to the system of sensors installed by the Santa María la Real Foundation. This site stores a movable heritage of unforeseeable value where one of the manuscripts of The Book of Good Love stands out.

This pilot case is part of a more ambitious initiative: the HeritageCARE European research project, which aims to develop a system of preventive conservation of historic buildings based on the latest technological advances where the backpack will undoubtedly play a very important role.

Historic Building of the University of Salamanca

New published on 09/04/2018
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Análisis termográfico de edificios


El uso de la termografía infrarroja comMapaEnergeticoo técnica sobradamente provada para la inspección de edificios y localización de patologías como fugas de aire, humedades, etc. Nos permite realizar un examen visual “in-situ” de calidad de los objetos de estudio gracias a la posibilidad de visualizar en tiempo real los resultados pudiendo detectar sin dificultad los desperfectos o elementos característicos de estos. Estas técnicas de medición cualitativa nos proporcionan la posibilidad de realizar inspecciones rápidas y eficaces sin contacto directo con el objeto y de forma no destructiva, lo que disminuye tanto el riesgo de incidentes para los operarios como los daños producidos en los propios objetos de estudio ocasionados por otras técnicas intrusivas. Además, también se ha demostrado la utilidad de la termografía infrarroja como técnica puramente de medida a través de su utilización para el cálculo de propiedades termofísicas de materiales tales como difusividad y transmitancia térmica.

En el caso de termografía cualitativa, las publicaciones existentes tratan de estudios realizados in-situ, principalmente en edificios históricos o elementos del patrimonio cultural, mientras que los estudios cualitativos se realizan, en la mayor parte de los casos, en laboratorios sobre muestras de tamaño limitado. En aquellos casos en los que se han realizado estudios termográficos cuantitativos sobre edificios in-situ, los valores de temperatura son empleados con el objetivo de obtener propiedades termofísicas (conductancia térmica) reales del cerramiento, sin embargo su distribución espacial no es considerada.

Conjugar ambas aplicaciones permitirá la automatización del cálculo de pérdidas de calor a partir de las temperaturas medidas con una cámara termográfica. De este modo, no solo se usa la termografía para representar el estado de la pared, sino que también se usan los valores de temperatura contenidos en la termografía para la extracción de parámetros métricos del edificio en estudio, por lo que la hibridación de la información termográfica con el material cartográfico de precisión permitiría extraer la geometría real del objeto de estudio con textura termográfica, pudiendo así realizar mediciones precisas de los elementos de interés directamente sobre el resultado obtenido.




Estudios como el publicado por EuroACE en 2010 colocan la mejora de la eficiencia energética en edificación en cabeza de las acciones necesarias para la reducción de emisiones de gases del efecto invernadero y gasto energético, así como para servir de empuje a la generación de empleo. Especial es el caso del parque de edificios ya construidos, la mayoría procedente de los años 1940-80, con normativa inexistente y recursos escasos. En ellos las obras de rehabilitación energética pueden suponer un ahorro de hasta el 75% en consumo de energía. En España existen 13 millones de viviendas susceptibles de intervención, cuya rehabilitación energética supondría una reducción de las emisiones del sector del 34% con respecto al año 2001.

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Building thermographic analysis



The use of infraMapaEnergeticored thermography as a widely tested technique for building inspection and location of pathologies such as air leakage and moisture allows the performance of  quality “in-situ” visual examination of the objects under study due to the possibility of obtaining real-time results, being able to detect without difficulty damages or material characteristics. This qualitative measurement technique provides the capability of doing quick, effective and non-destructive inspection without direct contact with the object under study, decreasing the risk of incidents to operators and the damage of the objects comparing with other intrusive techniques. Furthermore, the utility of infrared thermography as a measurement technique has been proved by its use for the determination of the thermophysical properties of materials such as diffusivity and thermal transmittance.

In the qualitative approach, some authors have performed in-situ studies, mainly in historical buildings or cultural heritage elements, whereas quantitative studies are performed mainly in laboratories with limited size samples. In those cases where quantitative thermography studies were performed in-situ, temperature values were employed in order to obtain the real thermophysical properties (thermal conductance) of the building envelope, but their spatial distribution is not considered.

Combine both applications will enable the automation of the heat loss computation from the measured temperatures with a thermographic camera. Thus, the thermography is not only used to represent the state of the wall, but also temperature values represented on the thermography for extracting the metric parameters of the study object so the hybridization of the thermographic information with precise cartographic material would  allow to extract the actual geometry of the object of study with thermal texture, being able to make accurate measurements of the elements of interest directly on the obtained results.




Studies such as the one published by EuroACE in 2010, places improved energy efficiency in building construction at the top of the list of actions that need to be taken to reduce greenhouse gases and energy costs, in addition to acting as a stimulus to generate employment. In particular is the case of existing buildings stock, most of which dates back to the period 1940-80, constructed using non-existent standards and scarce resources. Here, energy refurbishment works could represent a saving of up to 75% in energy consumption. In Spain there are 13 million homes that could be the subject of intervention, where energy refurbishment could result in a reduction in sector emissions of 34% compared to 2001.


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Mobile Laser System (MLS) applied to urban tree inventory

In urbanized Western Europe trees are considered an important component of the built-up environment. This also means that there is an increasing demand for tree inventories. Laser mobile mapping systems provide an efficient and accurate way to sample the 3D road surrounding including notable roadside trees. In this research line, a processing chain aiming at the extraction of tree locations and tree sizes from laser mobile mapping data is reached.

  • Vegetation extraction


  • Tree parameter extraction



Such steps, in combination with code optimization are expected to be sufficient to reach the final goal of automatized estimation of features sampled by mobile mapping at a rate that matches the acquisition speed and at a quality that matches the result of a human operator.

Miembro del grupo TIDOP

Lloyd A. Courtenay

Graduado en arqueología por la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Actualmente está acabando un Máster en Arqueología del Cuaternario y Evolución Humana por la Universidad Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, con el objetivo de seguir con su formación investigadora matriculándose en un programa de Doctorado en prehistoria para el próximo año académico. Habiéndose especializado en el campo de la tafonomía, trabaja principalmente en el estudio microscópico de los restos óseos que aparecen en los yacimientos arqueológicos y paleontológicos. Su principal campo de investigación está dirigido hacia la aplicación de nuevas metodologías en yacimientos del Pleistoceno Inferior Africano. En los últimos años ha emprendido su carrera profesional adaptando los nuevos avances estadísticos en otros campos como la Inteligencia Artificial, buscando maneras de aplicarlos al estudio del registro fósil. Siguiendo esta línea de investigación, ha conseguido desarrollar una serie de algoritmos aplicando métodos de Machine y Deep Learning para el procesado de datos derivados de modelos 3D. Con el diseño de algoritmos complejos como las Redes de Neuronas Artificiales y las Máquinas de Vectores de Soporte, ha desarrollado nuevos modelos estadísticos que pueden distinguir entre la actividad de diferentes carnívoros a través de las marcas de dientes que dejan. Estos modelos permiten también la clasificación de las alteraciones microscópicas halladas como producto de agentes naturales o por el contrario, si fueron consecuencia de las actividades de caza de los antiguos homínidos.

Líneas de investigación:

  • Tafonomía y zooarqueología aplicado al estudio del Pleistoceno Inferior
  • Desarrollo de nuevos métodos para el estudio microscópico de los restos fósiles
  • Diseño y aplicación de nuevos métodos estadísticos en la arqueología, incluyendo la aplicación de técnicas 3D para la documentación de restos óseos, y el uso de algoritmos de Inteligencia Artificial para procesar tales datos
TIDOP Member

Lloyd A. Courtenay

An Archaeology graduate having studied in the Complutense University of Madrid, he is currently finishing his Master’s degree in Quaternary Archaeology and Human Evolution in the University Rovira I Virgili, Tarragona. Starting next academic year, he intends to continue his professional career by enrolling in a Doctoral programme in prehistory. Specialised in the field of taphonomy, he works primarily on the microscopic study of osteological materials found in archaeological and paleontological sites. His main field of research lies in the development of new methods for the study of Lower Pleistocene sites in Africa. Over the last couple of years, he has focused his research on the adaptation of new statistical advances from other fields of research, such as Artificial Intelligence, with the hope of finding new means of applying these techniques to the prehistoric fossil register. Through this line of research, he has achieved the development of Machine and Deep Learning algorithms for the processing of 3D data. His most notable advances have included the development of Artificial Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines for the differentiation of carnivore activity through the tooth marks animals may leave on bone. He has also achieved models that are able to successfully classify microscopic traces, discerning between natural agents and those produced by ancient hominids in prehistoric butchery practices.

Research lines:

  • Taphonomy and zooarchaeology applied to the Lower Pleistocene
  • Development of new methodological approaches for the study of fossil remains
  • Design and application of new statistical models for archaeological studies, including 3D modelling for the documentation of bone, and the use of Artificial Intelligence algorithms for the processing of this data
Drones terrestres aplicados al modelizado tridimensional e inspección de infraestructuras críticas y de difícil acceso


Equipar drones con sensores láser, detectores de obstáculos y sistemas de control remoto permite obtener de forma segura y fiable los modelos tridimensionales de escenarios críticos, entendiendo como escenarios críticos todos aquellos escenarios en los que una persona correría peligro realizando los trabajos.

Este tipo de escenarios abarcan desde grutas angostas y estrechas a las que es difícil acceder, hasta escenarios industriales complejos, como subestaciones eléctricas, en las que existen riesgos de descargas eléctricas, salas de calderas, edificios con problemas estructurales etc.

A pesar de ser lugares críticos, su mantenimiento e inspección es un aspecto clave en el campo del control preventivo de averías y deformaciones, por lo que obtener el modelo tridimensional de estos lugares es fundamental. En este sentido, los drones terrestres, cada vez más sofisticados, permiten integrar escáner láser terrestre para capturar el entorno, asi como detectores de obstáculos y diferentes sistemas de comunicación, de modo que pueden moverse de forma autónoma o ser teledirigidos de forma remota.

Hasta el momento se ha investigado la integración de drones terrestres y escáner láser utilizando dos metodologías de trabajo diferentes, según el grado de precisión y detalle que se necesite y dependiendo de las dimensiones del espacio en el que se esté trabajando.


Finalmente, se está investigando la manera de combinar los modelos tridimensionales obtenidos por los drones terrestres con datos procedentes de drones aéreos equipados con cámaras fotográficas o cámaras termográficas. Combinar ambos modelos es esencial para obtener una cobertura total de la escena de estudio y poder detectar anomalías en cualquier lugar. Ésta línea de acción se está introduciendo para controlar subestaciones eléctricas y plantas solares fotovoltaicas ya que en ambos casos es posible detectar zonas con un calentamiento anormal que indiquen un funcionamiento que deberá revisarse.


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Land drones applied to three-dimensional modeling and control of complex industrial environments


Land drones can be armed with different devices such as terrestrial laser scanner, obstacle detectors or remote control systems, in order to provide accurate 3D models of unattended or critical environments in a safe way.

Environments like narrow caves that are difficult to access, electrical substations where there are risk of electric shock, boiler rooms or buildings with structural problems are considered critical environments for human operators due to the danger they entail.

Despite being critical spaces, its maintenance, inspection and control are essential to prevent damages and detect breakdowns, so accurate three-dimensional models are indispensable. For this purpose, terrestrial drones allow the integration of terrestrial laser scanners to capture the environment, as well as obstacle detectors and different communication systems, so that they can be autonomous vehicles or remote-controlled vehicles.

Depending on the accuracy needed and the dimensions of the study case, two different  combinations of technologies have been explored, both combining laser scanner with land drones.

To complete this research line, we are working in different methodologies to combine 3D models obtained with land drones and data obtained with aerial drones equipped with conventional cameras or thermo graphic cameras.

Mix both kind of models make the three-dimensional model much more complete and it is possible to detect pathologies in almost everywhere.  Some of this process has been used with success in electrical substations and photovoltaic solar plants, detecting, for example, anomalies in some panels.


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Ingeniero del grupo TIDOP

Daniel Barrio Aguilera

Titulado el primero de su promoción como Técnico Superior en Sistemas de Telecomunicaciones e Informáticos en 2018 por el IES Vasco de la Zarza. Consiguió la titulación de Cisco “CCNA Routing and Switching” con carta de recomendación del CEO de Cisco gracias a la demostración de sus habilidades y conocimientos en el campo de las redes informáticas con equipo Cisco. Actualmente estudiando un Ciclo Formativo de Grado Superior en Desarrollo de Aplicaciones Multiplataforma en el IES Alonso de Madrigal, enfocándose en la programación y desarrollo de aplicaciones informáticas.

Líneas de investigación:

  • Desarrollo de apliaciones geotecnológicas
  • Diseño, creación y mantenimiento de portales web interactivos
TIDOP Engineering

Daniel Barrio Aguilera

Titled the first of his promotion as Senior Technician in Telecommunications and Computer Systems in 2018 by the IES Vasco de la Zarza. He obtained the Cisco degree “CCNA Routing and Switching” with a letter of recommendation from the Cisco CEO thanks to his skills and knowledge shown in the field of computer networks with Cisco equipment. Currently he is studying a Superior Degree Formative Cycle in Multiplatform Applications Development at the IES Alonso de Madrigal, focusing on the programming and development of computer applications.

Research lines:

  • Development of geomatic applications
  • Design, creation and maintenance of interactive web portals
Miembro del grupo TIDOP

Damián Ortega Terol

PhD en Geotecnologías Aplicadas a la Construcción, Energía e Industria (2018, Universidades de Salamanca y Vigo) con mención “cum laude” tras la finalización de su tesis doctoral titulada: “Innovación en el desarrollo de herramientas basadas en software libre para la explotación de imágenes aéreas y espaciales adquiridas con sensores de última generación”. Completa su formación académica con las titulaciones del graduado en Ingeniería Geomática y Topografía (2013, Universidad de Salamanca), Master Universitario en Geotecnologías Cartográficas en Ingeniería y Arquitectura (2011, Universidades de Salamanca y Valladolid), Ingeniero en Geodesia y Cartografía (2001, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia) e Ingeniero Técnico en Topografía (1998, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia). Posee una amplia experiencia en la programación de herramientas geomáticas basadas en software libre desarrollada en los diferentes puestos que ha ocupado: empresa pública Tragsatec (2001-2008), funcionario grupo A1 de la Escala de Técnicos Facultativos Superiores de los OOAA del Ministerio de Medio Ambiente (2008-2016) y en su reciente incorporación como funcionario de carrera en el Instituto Geográfico Nacional del Ministerio de Fomento (2016-actualidad).

Líneas de investigación:

  • Desarrollo de herramientas geomáticas basadas en software libre relacionadas con Sistemas de Información Geográfica, explotación de datos de Observación de la Tierra y Gestión Integrada de Recursos Hídricos.
TIDOP Member

Damián Ortega Terol


Research lines:

  • .
Artificial Intelligence and the Impact of Wolves in Ávila

Throughout history wolves and humans have had a conflictive and complex love-hate relationship. On one hand, wolves are frequently the culprits of livestock predation, creating tension with local farmers and landowners, while on the other, their domestic relative the dog is considered a cultural extension of the family. Due to the attacks produced on livestock, tension has formed over the years among rural populations. Unfortunately, Castilla y León is one of the country’s most affected areas by wolf attacks on livestock; with Ávila being a focal point for most of these damages. fotowolf The objectives of this line of research are to use artificially intelligent algorithms to model and study the impact of wolves in the province of Ávila. Using spatial data, statistical Geographical Information System (GIS) approaches and Machine/Deep Learning, we hope to provide a new perspective to the study of wolf activities and attacks on local livestock. animaleswolf The advantages of artificially intelligent algorithms are multiple. These algorithms provide a new means of predicting when and where the next attack is most likely to occur. Likewise, additional research may be able to highlight which animals are more likely to be attacked. This data could be of great benefit to local agricultural communities, thus helping protect their assets and help alleviate tension that could better protect the wolf from danger of extinction.

La Inteligencia Artificial y el Impacto del Lobo en Ávila

A lo largo de la historia los humanos y los lobos han tenido una relación de amor-odio bastante compleja y conflictiva. Por un lado, en muchas ocasiones los lobos son los culpables de los daños o ataques al ganado, generando tensión con ganaderos y terratenientes, mientras que por otro lado el perro, su pariente domesticado, es considerado culturalmente como un miembro más de la familia. Debido a los ataques al ganado, con el paso de los años se han ido acrecentando las tensiones con las poblaciones rurales. Por desgracia, la Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León es una de las zonas del país más afectadas por ataques de lobo, siendo Ávila uno de los focos que más daños acumula. fotowolf Los objetivos de esta línea de investigación es emplear algoritmos de inteligencia artificial para modelar y estudiar el impacto del lobo en la provincia de Ávila. Utilizando datos espaciales, enfoques estadísticos de Sistemas de Información Geográfica (SIG) y algoritmos de aprendizaje computacional, esperamos poder presentar una nueva perspectiva para el estudio de las actividades de los lobos y sus ataques al ganado local en la península. animaleswolf Las ventajas que presenta la inteligencia artificial son múltiples. Estos algoritmos son capaces de predecir con alta precisión dónde y cuándo es más probable que se produzca un nuevo ataque. De la misma forma, la investigación adicional puede destacar cual es el tipo de ganado más propenso a ser atacado. Estos datos pueden beneficiar a las comunidades ganaderas locales, ayudando a proteger a sus animales y a aliviar las tensiones generadas por los ataques, lo que puede a su vez ayudar a proteger mejor al lobo de su extinción.